Dental implants are a wonderful option to replace missing teeth. They provide the appearance of natural looking teeth. Many Americans and people in several other countries have benefitted from the procedure. A dental implant consists of a small titanium post or screw that is inserted into the jawbone. It works by gradually getting fused with the jawbone during the course of time. This process is called osseointegration. After the completion of this process, the implant will be firmly bonded with the bone.
Osseointegration is a process which is important for dental implants to remain strong and stable in order to support the artificial teeth which will be embedded. Sometimes bone or gum grafts are also performed to increase the success rate of the procedure or to enhance the appearance of the procedure. Antibiotics play a vital role in the healing procedure. These are considered to be more important for people with weakened immune system or those with serious health problems, smokers and patients with diabetes whose immune system will be weak or compromised.
There is an ongoing debate as to whether clinically healthy and individuals with moderate to good immune systems should be prescribed antibiotics or not after a dental implant surgery. The concerns include side effects that range from diarrhoea to allergic reactions, and the rise in the appearance of antibiotic-resistant bacteria .Recent research studies have also come to the conclusion that taking a course of oral antibiotics before dental implant surgery appears to be beneficial.
It is found that 2 grams of amoxicillin given as a single dose an hour before surgery may reduce implant failure in ordinary conditions without any significant adverse outcomes. The benefit of antibiotics for dental implant surgery is thus a subject of huge debate. But some have concluded that it is best left to the discretion of surgeons whether to prescribe antibiotics after a dental implant surgery or not .It is also important to consider individual cases before deciding on the course of treatment. Dental surgeons should weigh a case based on his or her clinical experience and preferences. Antibiotics in most of the cases play an active role in preventing infections which might result if antibiotics are not prescribed.