Wisdom Tooth Extraction is a common dental procedure. Even though the permanent teeth that erupts after a child loses his baby teeth is meant to last a life time, in most of the cases it does not hold true. Tooth extraction becomes imminent in most of the cases due to tooth decay, an injury, diseases, orthodontic needs etc. The procedure is not painful in most of the cases due to improved dental care. But if the teeth is half broken, crooked or if a wisdom teeth needs extraction it is normal to experience a little pain. Some of the conditions responsible for tooth extraction are
- Crowded Mouth – In some people mouth gets crowded if there is no room for permanent teeth. It can lead to misalignment posing a challenge for orthodontic procedures. For some people, permanent teeth cannot erupt from the gums or teeth may be very large for the mouth of a person. In these cases tooth extraction becomes a necessity.
- Infections – In cases where tooth decay extends to the centre of the tooth where blood vessels are situated, it can lead to infections which no root canal treatment or antibiotics can cure. In such cases, the best option is to pull out the teeth to prevent further spread of infections. Sometimes chemotherapy or organ transplants can lead to dental infections as overall immunity gets compromised. Even in such cases, tooth extraction is done
- Wisdom teeth – Wisdom teeth which erupts only when a person enters his 20’s, will get stuck in the jaw for some people and this further leads to swelling and infections. In this case tooth extraction becomes mandatory. If a wisdom tooth decays, causing cysts or infections dentists usually resort to tooth extraction as the pain becomes unbearable for the patient.
Once tooth extraction takes place, it is common to feel pain. To get relieved of it, dentists suggest a mild course of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen. These medicines are usually prescribed for a duration of three to four days by the dentist. In case of swelling that sometimes results after a tooth extraction, an ice pack can help reduce it. One can also make use of a salt water rinse. This is usually prescribed by doctors in case of surgeries as this can help in keeping the area clean and devoid of germs reducing the risk of infections. It mostly takes up to two weeks for the tooth extraction site to heal, even though the duration varies in each individual.